Quotations

Formatting quotations in your text: Quotes should be exactly as they appear in the original, including punctuation (Chicago 11.8). If words or phrases are omitted from within the quote, this should be indicated by an ellipsis: […] (Chicago 11.51), which can be found in Microsoft Word menu Insert>Symbols.

Permissions. Under the convention of “fair dealing for the purposes of criticism and review” by the Society of Authors, permission is not required for extracts of less than 400 words, which are not used simply to “embellish the text.”

Multiple extracts from the same work may total up to 800 words, with each extract no longer than 300 words.

For poetry, the permitted length is 40 lines, or one quarter of the poem, whichever is less.

If the author is a well-known literary figure, it is advisable to obtain permission.

Please check the accuracy of quotes very carefully. This is solely the author’s responsibility. Quotes 40 words or less in length should be enclosed within “double quotation” marks (American usage,

Chicago 11.33). However, a quote within a quote is enclosed with ‘single quotation’ marks, even though there are “double quotation” marks in the original.

Quotes over 40 words in length should be separated from the text and indented 0.5 inch from the left margin (Chicago 11.11–12). Do not use the space bar or tab; use the paragraph format function. In Word, this can be found in the format>paragraph format. A return should separate the quote from the text above and below it. But only use a double return below the quote if you wish to begin a new paragraph